Essay: Genre

This essay was originally written as a University assignment.

MasterChef Australia (Franc Roddam 2009) employs the character and narrative patterns of the cooking reality genre by placing two or more contestants in a cooking contest. The show uses formal characteristics of this genre, such as the use of fast editing, tense music and the use of many close up shots to create a sense of expectation and anticipation. Continue reading “Essay: Genre”


Queensland Senate Count – Double Dissolution

Hi all

With a Double Dissolution being speculated by some, I figured I would see how the last senate election would pan out if it were a DD election.
For this post I’m using the above the line votes from Queensland. The software being used is OpenSTV v1.6.1. The latest version is available from

The ballot files I’m using had to be converted manually from CSV files the Australian Electoral Commission provide – namely the Group Voting Ticket Usage By Group and Group Voting Tickets. The AEC is apparently unable to get there software to do this conversion.

Now, I know the flaw in the method I’m using is the number of candidates with zero votes not getting overflow votes. Adding the below the line votes would help this but won’t be used here unless there is a more efficient way to translate the AEC data.

Screenshot 2015-05-25 13.56.46 Screenshot 2015-05-25 13.59.25

  1. Count of first preferences, the candidates Ian MacDonald LNP, Chris Ketter ALP, and Glenn Lazarus PUP – now IND – have reached the threshold and are elected. Candidates have surplus votes so surplus votes will be transferred for round two.
  2. Votes were transferred from Ian MacDonald LNP at a ratio of 876149/1071375 to James McGrath LNP. McGrath is now elected.
  3. Votes were transferred from James McGrath LNP at a ratio of 680921.976125/876147.976125 to Matthew Canavan LNP. Canavan is now elected.
  4. Votes were transferred from Chris Ketter ALP at a ratio of 536841/732067. Clare Moore ALP is now elected.
  5. Votes were transferred from Matthew Canavan LNP at a ratio of 485694.952250/680920.952250 to David Goodwin LNP. Goodwin is now elected.
  6. Votes were transferred from Clare Moore ALP at a ratio of 341614.836574/536840.836574 to Mark Furner ALP. Furner is now elected.
  7. Votes were transferred from David Goodwin LNP to Theresa Craig LNP at a ratio of 290467.928375/485693.928375. Craig is now elected.
  8. Votes from Mark Furner ALP were transferred at a ratio of 146388.673148/341614.673148 to Nikki Boyd ALP. Boyd did not reach the threshold with this transfer.
  9. Votes from Theresa Craig LNP were transferred at a ratio of 95240.904500/290466.904500 to Amanda Stoker LNP. Stoker did not reach the threshold with this transfer.
  10. Votes from Glenn Lazarus PUP were transferred at a ratio of 56123/251349 to Clive Mensink. Mensink did not reach the threshold with this transfer.

So just on the allocation of first preferences and transferring excess votes there are nine candidates elected. They are five from the LNP, three from the ALP and one from the PUP.

Screenshot 2015-05-28 09.42.59

In the screen cap above you can see the mass exclusion of those with no votes. From this point up to the elimination of Clive Mensink PUP at count 41, the votes are transferred at full value as they would be in Instant Runoff Voting used in the House of Reps.

  1. 57840.964163 votes from Clive Mensink PUP were transferred to Adam Stone GRN. Stone has been elected.
  2. Votes from Adam Stone GRN were transferred at at a ratio of 16365.964163/211591.964163 to Amanda Stoker LNP and James Moylen HMP. Neither Stoker or Moylen have reached the threshold.
  3. Amanda Stoker LNP has been eliminated. 100064.677855 votes were transferred to Daniel McCarthy AFLP. McCarthy has now been elected.
  4. Votes from Daniel McCarthy AFLP were transferred at a ratio of 14407.677855/209633.677855 to James Moylen HMP and James Blundell KAP. Neither Moylen or Blundell have reached the threshold.
  5. 116534.666473 from James Blundell KAP were transferred to James Moylen HMP and Nikki Boyd ALP. Boyd is now elected.

The count ends here. The make up of the final rounds of counting are one Green; one Australian Fishing and Lifestyle Party; and one Labor.

The candidates taking seats in the senate on this count would be –

  1. Ian MacDonald LNP
  2. Chris Ketter ALP
  3. Glenn Lazarus PUP
  4. James McGrath LNP
  5. Matthew Canavan LNP
  6. Clare Moore ALP
  7. David Goodwin LNP
  8. Mark Furner ALP
  9. Theresa Craig LNP
  10. Adam Stone GRN
  11. Daniel McCarthy AFLP
  12. Nikki Boyd ALP.

There may be a few changes if the below the line votes were added. If you have any input please let me know.

Online vs Television

Hi all

As you can probably understand, content that previously was the domain of television, cinema and home video is increasingly reformatted to sought an online audience. One could look at the advent of YouTube and BitTorrent as examples here.

A half hour television programme lasts about twenty two minutes once the ad breaks are taken out. An hour programme lasts 44-45 mnutes. This is standard industry practice.

The internet doesn’t need these deliverables. Shows can last from about four to five minutes for a comedy show up to a proper half hour for a review show.

Even sport, which normally takes up about two to three hours is slowly going online. Though it must be said that the sporting broadcasts that I’ve seen purpose made for online vary greatly in the style of production from those purpose made for television.

The above video is of the North East Australian Football League match between Sydney University and Eastlake. It was produced for and presented live on YouTube. Yes YouTube does have that feature. As you can tell watching it, the production crew filmed it with a single camera.

2015-05-15 17.47.20

Television broadcasters like Fox Sports have about eight cameras – with corresponding number of operators – for the same type of content. The multicamera setup used here provides a sort of safety net in the event the main camera is obstructed from viewing the action. Trust me, I’ve been operating a main (only) camera the kept getting obstructed and it’s annoying as buggery.

Oh well, things happen. We will probably see more content purposely made for online. Television won’t be completely gone for quite a while yet.

Patrick Gillett
(The image of the cameraman in licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution license and attributable to me)


Hi All

I’m coming to the end of another University semester. A few more pieces of assessment – including a few posts to this blog – then a three semesters to go.

There may be video, audio or pictures. We’ll see where this goes. I may post a few other bits of assessment here as well.